Types of varicose veins

There are different types of varicose veins, but in everyday life, this disease is often understood as varicose veins of the lower extremities.

Varicose veins are a pathology of the venous vessels and can develop not only in the veins of the legs, but also in other organs, for example under the skin and in internal organs.

Not all varieties of this disease have been studied by medical researchers. In some cases, it is impossible to diagnose reliably due to the scarcity of the symptomatic picture of the disease.

Depending on the degree of progression of the disease, all varieties of varicose veins can be divided into three main stages:

  • compensation;
  • subcompensation;
  • decompensation.

Each of these stages of the disease has its own set of symptomatic manifestations.

What are varicose veins and what do they affect? There are several varieties of this type of pathology. That they are capable of affecting certain organs and parts of the vascular bed of the human body

Researchers have reliably established that such types of varicose veins exist:

  1. Varicose veins of the small pelvis.
  2. Pathology of the venous vessels of the esophagus.
  3. Disorders of venous circulation in the vascular system of the uterus.
  4. Disease of the venous circulatory system of the lower extremities.

Each of the above types of varicose veins affects a specific area of ​​the venous part of the circulatory system

Varicose veins of the small pelvis

The symptoms of this type of ailment are in many respects similar to the symptoms of gynecological diseases. This similarity in symptoms makes diagnosis, pathology recognition, and accurate diagnosis difficult.

The main signs of this type of disease are pain and discomfort in the lower abdomen. The strengthening of uncomfortable sensations occurs when stress is exerted on the body or when a person endures a stressful situation.

In addition to these symptoms, the patient develops problems with urination and painful sensations during intercourse or immediately afterwards.

Women who suffer from this condition experience menstrual irregularities and infertility.

Various types of examinations of the patient's body are used to make an accurate diagnosis. The exam uses the following methods:

  • ultrasound examination;
  • dopplerography;
  • laparoscopic examination.

The causes of this type of disease are:

  1. being overweight.
  2. Having bad habits.
  3. Hypodynamics.
  4. Pregnancy.
  5. Occurrence of compression of the pelvic veins by the uterus.
  6. The presence of a hereditary predisposition.
  7. The use of certain medications in the treatment process.

The main tasks of medical intervention in the treatment of pelvic varicose veins are:

  • toning of the venous vessels;
  • increased elasticity of the vascular wall;
  • prevention of stagnation in the vascular bed of the pelvic area.

The main helper in the treatment of this type of varicose vein is compression underwear. In addition, it is recommended to perform a series of special exercises and take special drugs that help normalize blood flow in the small pelvis and normalize the body's hormones.

At the initial stage of the development of the pathology, alternative methods to normalize the condition can be used in conjunction with drug treatment methods.

Among the most popular traditional medicine methods are the use of:

  1. Decoctions based on wild chestnut fruits.
  2. Products based on decoctions and infusions of dandelion. Calendula and birch mushroom.

In addition, carrots are recommended for the prevention of vascular diseases. It is recommended to consume this tuber both raw and in the form of carrot juice.

The main types of varicose veins in the vessels of the legs

Leg varicose veins are characterized by the appearance of changes in the veins. These changes consist of the expansion of the blood vessels and an increase in their length. As the length increases, the venous vessels form tangles and convolutions

There are several types of varicose veins of the vessels of the lower extremities: primary, secondary, reticular, and internal.

The primary form of venous bed expansion is a pathology that affects the lower extremities and, in the absence of therapy, leads to the formation of trophic ulcers that do not heal for a long time.

The secondary form is a consequence of the progression of venous thrombosis or the development of other vascular disorders. The secondary form of varicose veins is also called post-thrombotic disease. This form of the disease is progressive and causes venous stasis, which most often develops in the foot and lower leg area.

Reticular varicose veins is a form of disease that affects the superficial and smaller venous vessels. Most often, this form of the disease develops on the lateral surfaces of the lower extremities. In the process of progression of this type of varicose veins, the formation of swelling in the legs is observed, which leads to the appearance of severity. Most often, this form of the disease begins to manifest itself, the formation of spider veins begins.

The reasons for the appearance of varicose veins on the legs are the following factors:

  • sedentary lifestyle;
  • addiction to smoking;
  • wear uncomfortable shoes;
  • obesity;
  • pregnancy;
  • high physical activity in the extremities;
  • older than 45 years;
  • various disorders of blood circulation processes.

The reasons for the development of reticular varicose veins are:

  1. Hormonal changes in the body.
  2. Excessive physical strain on the lower extremities.

Various diagnostic methods and instrumental examinations of the patient's body are used to identify the disease and make an accurate diagnosis.

Most often, doctors use the following examination methods:

  • Ultrasonography of the veins of the lower extremities;
  • Contrast venography.

In the absence of adequate therapy for the disease, serious complications may develop, such as thrombophlebitis, venous hemorrhage, lack of oxygen in the tissues, hypoxia.

Esophageal varicose veins

This form of varicose veins is congenital, but in some cases it can develop in response to pathological changes that occur in the portal vein. Such pathological changes most often occur as a result of the development of liver diseases, as a result of the appearance of heart failure and disturbances in the processes that provide blood supply to the spleen.

The disease can be almost asymptomatic for a long period of time. The main signs of such a pathology are an increase in the volume of the abdomen, swelling of the venous vessels in the navel. Abrupt loss of body weight. Frequent belching, signs of jaundice, and a burning sensation in the chest area.

In the later stages of the progression of a pathological disorder, life-threatening complications such as rupture of the veins of the esophagus and the development of internal bleeding can develop.

Very often, the progression of this pathology leads to death, if such a patient did not receive adequate medical care in a timely manner.

The choice of type of medical care depends on the stage of progression of the pathological disorder and the individual characteristics of the organism.

When venous pathologies are detected, medical or surgical treatment is used. The choice of treatment method is made by the attending physician, taking into account the characteristics of the patient's body and the results of the examination.

Varicose veins of the uterus

The characteristic symptomatology of the pathology largely coincides with the symptoms of the development of gynecological diseases. This greatly complicates the diagnosis and establishment of the true cause of unpleasant symptoms.

The main signs of this disease are pain in the abdomen, which radiates to the lumbar region and the sacrum. Painful sensations, as a rule, in the presence of an ailment, intensify during and immediately after intercourse, and there is also an increase in pain after exerting increased physical exertion on the body.

A sign of the development of varicose veins of the uterus can be a severe course of premenstrual syndrome.

The main causes of the onset of the disease are hormonal imbalances in the body (excess in the body of the male hormone progesterone), the use of hormonal contraceptives as contraceptives, frequent abortions, the development of inflammatory processes and alterations in thefunctioning of the ovarian veins. The presence of a hereditary predisposition has some influence on the development of the disease.

When a disease is detected, the degree of development is determined and treatment is prescribed based on the results of the examination. Depending on the stage of development, various methods can be used, the action of which is primarily aimed at normalizing venous circulation and strengthening the walls of venous vessels.

29.01.2021