Why do varicose veins appear more often in women?
The prevalence of a disease such as varicose veins in women reaches 25%. This is a disease in which the veins become enlarged with no tendency to recover. The disease mainly affects the lower parts of the trunk.
The appearance of the disease is a cause for concern for the fair sex from a cosmetic point of view, but this is not the biggest problem that can be associated with varicose veins.
Stagnation of blood can cause thrombosis, a violation of tissue trophism with the development of ulcers and gangrene, a complication such as thromboembolism is also possible.
In women, varicose veins are also more common because they have such conditions where it is possible to:
- the pregnancy;
- taking birth control pills;
- high heels.
However, there are common reasons for the development of the disease:
- hereditary predisposition;
- spend most of the time on your feet;
- high physical activity;
- hormonal disorders.
It is necessary to determine the development of the disease in its initial stages, when taking action will help to slow down the progression of the disease.
Varicose veins of the pelvic region.
Very often, in women with varicose veins, the legs are affected, but there are also genital varicose veins that occur in certain situations. This circumstance not only causes pain and heaviness of the perineal organs, but also very strongly affects the intimate life of a woman.
The weakness of the venous valves, obesity, prolonged tension in this area, etc. they can lead to such a problem, but most of the time, such deviations occur during pregnancy, and having a fetus later aggravates the condition.
Varicose veins of the vaginal lips clinically manifest as the appearance of various formations as a result of the overflow of the veins with blood, bumps, nodules or cords.
In the affected area, pulling pains, tension, swelling occur. Often all this can be accompanied by a violation of urination.
A weak and dilated wall can rupture at any time, which is usually the case with such a pathology in childbirth, and cause bleeding.
Varicose veins of the genital organs also affect other parts of the pelvic organs: the uterus and vagina. Often, this condition is provoked during pregnancy, since the progesterone released in large quantities leads to an increase in blood volume, retains fluid in the woman's body, and at the same time reduces the mobility of the vascular wall. .
For these reasons, varicose veins of the uterus and vagina can develop during pregnancy. It should be said that vaginal varicose veins after childbirth, as a rule, disappear, but in the decompensation stage of the pathological process, they can persist later, causing severity, tension and significant discomfort.
Varicose changes in the uterus.
The expansion and congestion of the veins of the uterus is a difficult anomaly to diagnose. This disease most often occurs in women of childbearing age, but occasionally it occurs in adolescence. This pathological condition rarely occurs in isolation. Most often, it is accompanied by weakness of the venous system of the legs and other organs in the perineal region.
The reasons why varicose changes occur in the uterus are most often:
- Frequent and difficult labor.
- Congenital structural characteristics of the veins.
- Taking hormonal contraceptives.
- Hormonal alterations
- Frequent inflammatory processes.
- Forced lifting of heavy objects.
With varicose veins of the uterus, painful sensations that are localized in the lower abdomen are frequent. Intimate life also suffers from this: during sexual intercourse or after a while, you feel discomfort or heaviness and, in more advanced cases, severe pain. Menstruation becomes longer, without pronounced bleeding, with scant discharge.
Such manifestations are not specific, therefore the correct diagnosis becomes difficult. Varicose veins of the uterus can only be suspected by an experienced specialist during the examination.
To clarify this disease, they usually use a research method such as intravaginal ultrasound, as well as an X-ray method with contrast.
Phlebography helps not only to prove the presence of the disease, but also helps to determine what stage it is in. This information is very important in determining other treatment tactics.
Varicose veins of the uterus are rarely found, but it is quite a serious disease. Also, when having a child, all illnesses tend to worsen. Therefore, it is advisable to plan the pregnancy in advance, since many remedies for varicose veins cannot be used with it, so as not to harm the baby.
But if you do not take measures for treatment, complications can arise in the form of placental insufficiency, thrombophlebitis and thrombosis of the ovarian veins.
Treatment of such a pathology should be treated by a phlebologist, and during pregnancy, a woman should make the appointment of a vascular doctor only after consulting her gynecologist.
You should be prepared for the fact that such therapy can be lengthy and will require a lot of patience and disciplined execution of the doctor's instructions.
Conservative treatment is recommended during pregnancy:
- combination of work with good rest;
- limit physical stress and stress;
- a complete ban on weight lifting;
- rational nutrition with a lot of fiber and vitamins;
- regulation of the intestines (prevention of constipation);
- stop smoking and drinking alcohol;
- regular walks;
- if possible, take a horizontal position during the day with your legs raised;
- using a contrast shower directed to the perineal area;
- wear compression underwear, preferably individually selected.
The use of drugs is necessary only after childbirth or, in extreme cases, during pregnancy. To improve the condition, pills are usually recommended, you can use horse chestnut products, they are natural, but they only help with diseases of mild and moderate severity.
In the absence of effect with conservative treatment methods, surgical methods are used. In extremely difficult situations, vascular resections or even removal of the uterus are used.
Laser therapy is a modern method to get rid of this pathology. With varicose veins of any severity, it is recommended to refuse contraceptives with hormones.