How do varicose veins look on the legs?

Varicose veins are a very insidious disease, since the first signs of its development often go unnoticed by a person. As a general rule, the patient perceives fatigue and heaviness in the legs as a result of the hard days of work.

In many cases this is the case, but this is not a reason not to control the condition of the vessels in the lower extremities. Therefore, we will talk more about what this disease is, and also consider the types and degrees of manifestation of varicose veins in the photo.

Varicose veins: characteristic of the pathology.

Varicose veins on the legs are not only a cosmetic problem that makes people worry about their appearance, but also a very dangerous pathology that requires adequate and timely therapy and compliance with preventive measures.

Reference.Women suffer from varicose veins several times more than men.

Varicose veins of the lower extremities.- a condition characterized by the appearance of varicose veins. Also, there is a violation of blood flow, which leads to stagnation in the circulatory system.

To understand what varicose veins are (see photo), you need to consider the process of their appearance.. . .

The mechanism of the appearance of varicose veins.

The veins located in the legs havespecial valves. . . They carry outthe passage of blood exclusively in one direction (upward) and do not allow it to stagnate.

The failure in the operation of these valves leads to the fact thatblood has the opportunity to move in the opposite direction (downward), preventing its outflow.

As a result, the vessels lose their normal elasticity and, under the pressure of the blood, begin to expand and deform. All this provokes the development of the initial stage of the disease.

Reference.Symptoms of the disease can appear in various parts of the lower extremities, especially in the thighs, below the knees, in the calves; Varicose veins of the foot are also quite common (the photo is presented below).

Varicose veins in different parts of the lower extremities.

There are a large number of factors that provoke the development of this pathology:starting with a sedentary lifestyle, physical overload, bad habits and ending with a hereditary predisposition, hormonal alterations, congenital weakness of the vascular walls.

Many people, unaware of the severity of the problem, do not rush to see a specialist, but instead begin to practice self-medication.

However, this is not an option, since the independent use of vascular drugs is detrimental to health. Furthermore, they alone cannot solve the problem. Here you need a competent integrated approach.

Having determined the features of the development of pathology, we will consider further how varicose veins look on the legs, depending on the type of degree of development.

Varieties of the disease.

The structure of the venous system is very complex and includes large, medium, small, capillary reticular vessels.

The deformation of the veins in the lower extremities can manifest itself both in all parts of this system and in some of its areas.

According to the vessels that have undergone changes, the following types of varicose veins on the legs are dismantled (photo below):

  1. Reticulate.
  2. Segmental.
  3. Trunk (in the basin of the large or small saphenous veins).
  4. Perforator.

Each type of varicose veins of the lower extremities requires detailed consideration due to the peculiarities of the course of the pathological process (photo is attached).

Reticulate

This type of ailment is characterized bydamage to the reticular veins, the diameter of which is not more than 2 mm. These vessels are blue or green in color and are often intertwined in the form of webs, lines, stars. They are found immediately under the skin.

This phenomenon occurs most frequently on the lateral surface of the thigh in the form of bluish webs.

Manifestation of reticular varicose veins, varieties of vascular networks and asterisks.

It is not dangerous as it does not cause serious complications.. . . Also, pain and discomfort are not observed.

The only downside isugly appearance of the legs,so female representatives suffer a lot.

Reference.Cosmetic varicose veins is the unofficial name that this form of pathology received.

To eliminate a cosmetic defect in medicine, methods such as microflebectomy, foam sclerotherapy, and laser sclerotherapy are used.

Segmental varicose veins (left) and healthy veins (right)

Segmental

It's happeningdefeat of one or more ductal veins measuring 3 mm or more in diameter.

Whereno pathological blood flow in the opposite direction (reflux)in the large and small saphenous vein systems, even through perforating vessels.

reference. . . The segmental form of the disease is often seen in its early stages.

Treatment generally involves non-surgical methods.for example, sclerotherapy. To solve the problem, it usually takes several sessions of such therapy and a month of daily use of compression underwear.

An alternative to this treatment may be to perform segmental surgery on an outpatient basis under local anesthesia.

Varicose veins Large (left) and small (right) magistatic vein

Spine

It is noteddamage to the trunk of the large or small saphenous vein with the development of valve regurgitation, as a result of which the expansion of the ductal veins develops.

The appearance of pronounced stem reflux is also observed.

It is the main mechanism for the dynamic development of this type of disease and a diagnostic criterion.

The therapy of such varicose veins on the legs (the photo is presented in this section) consists in the use of minimally invasive technologies.

Such therapy is of particular relevance for uncomplicated and unprecedented forms of pathology. Therefore, the sooner the patient goes to a specialist for help, the more effective the therapy will be.

Reference.Trunk disease with small vein injuries is not as common, while large vein injuries are common.

Perforating varicose veins of the lower extremities, requiring surgery.

Perforator

Perforating veins- an important component of the vascular blood supply system in the lower extremities of a person.

reference. . . The perforating veins connect the deep vessels with the superficial ones.

It is the defeat of these vessels that occurs in such a case.

Valvular insufficiency and blood reflux into the saphenous veins are observed, which causes their expansion.

With extensive damage to the vessels and their significant size, an effective method of therapy is to perform an operation.

But if 1-3 piercers are damaged, minimally invasive technologies can be used.

The degree of varicose veins of the legs.

The scientific community of the world has systematized the manifestations of varicose veins of the lower extremities.

reference. . . This classification is called CEAP (Clinical Etiology Anatomy Pathology).

According to the compiled classification, there are 7 degrees (stages) of the disease:

  • zero- a condition in which a person experiences heaviness in the legs, edema, seizures, but does not manifest itself visually. During special examinations, deviations are not determined;
  • 1 degree varicose veins (see photo below)- Spider veins appear and the same symptoms are observed as in the previous grade;
  • the second- Protruding veins or blue nodules are noted, which may increase in size due to excessive physical exertion or prolonged stay in one position;
  • third- All of the above signs are complemented by regular swelling, which is especially noticeable at night. In the morning it may disappear, but at night it reappears;
  • four- due to insufficient nutrition, trophic processes begin in the vascular system. Around the veins, the skin turns brown or black. Inflammation of the skin may appear: from slight redness to large oozing wounds;
  • fifth- all symptoms of 4 degrees plus a pronounced prolonged trophic ulcer;
  • sixth- an active trophic ulcer that does not heal.
Stages of development of varicose veins of the lower extremities.

Such a disease should be treated immediately, and the sooner the better. Not only are the later stages of varicose veins dangerous, but also possible serious complications that can lead to death.

Also, the photos of the first stage of the varicose veins look quite normal, but the photos of the later ones are mired in shock.

conclusion

The information and images of varicose veins should make you think about the fact that you should be attentive to your health and lead a correct lifestyle. Preventive measures in this case are an opportunity to avoid this disease.

If, due to the anatomical features of the body, the veins are damaged, you should start treating them immediately.

27.08.2021