The symptoms of varicose veins (varicose veins) in the legs
Varicose veins (varicose disease) is a pathological process that is characterized by the extension of the lumen of the vein, and the violation of reflux of the venous blood of the legs. Venous system has special valves, thanks to which the blood flows in a single direction (upwards) and not stagnant in the legs. The rape of the working of these valves leads to the emergence of the return current of the blood, causing the stagnation of the venous blood in the lower extremities and the development of symptoms of varicose veins surgery.
Symptoms of varicose veins in the legs
As a general rule, many of us are варикоз in the form of, the blue of the veins of the sites on the feet. This presentation actually refers to the disease, but this condition is observed in cases very run of the disease. The same manifestation similar to varicose veins are accompanied by pain, weight, and fatigue, edema of the leg and the foot. Lead the development of the disease until this state is not worth, because varicose veins result in the formation of a blood clot and frequent infection. In this context, often produces an inflammation of the vessels, often complicated by a blood clot (thrombophlebitis). By the fly of the trunks venous form painful seal in the form of shots, the epidermis loses elasticity and color, becomes thick and dark brown. The smallest injury can result in an ulcer. When варикозном the extension of the veins of the woman in 40 years can become invalid.
The stage of varicose veins of the legs
- I stage of varicose veins in the complete absence of allegations, are a concern only of cosmetic violation;
- Stage II of varicose veins – it appears the sensation of heaviness, extend the arms, in the night, added to seizures;
- Stage III of varicose veins – are observed swelling of the stop and the shins, the change of the epidermis and seal in the skin and in the subcutaneous tissue, pigmentation);
- Stage IV - нарушварикозного expansion венение trophisms of the tissues, the formation of ulcers.
The symptoms of varicose veins in the legs
The spider veins.
Bent, enlargement of the dilated veins, that protrude above the surface of the skin.
The transformation of the skin. At the beginning, this is simply too much dry skin, later appear pigmented areas to the soon-to unite dermatitis of a different nature, the eczema and ulcers trophic.
The pain. The pain may be caused by a variety of causes, and its character can be different is hot and the throbbing pain, pain when walking, pain, and aches and pains in the legs of a general nature, tingling in the muscle tissue and the cramps at night, pain by the departure of the trunks venous.
The swelling. In the majority of them are distributed in the area of the stop and the shins.
The feeling of extending the arms and heaviness in the legs.
For each stage of the development of the varicose disease are characteristic of their symptoms. In the initial phase of the disease as such in itself is difficult to diagnose, because its main feature (are varicose veins) does not exist. Sometimes they manifest fatigue, feeling of weight and no significant pain in the legs, can also be symptoms of an early stage of development of diseases such as lumbar osteochondrosis, flat feet, disease of the arteries. In this situation, the patients need to see a specialist vessel, flebologa, as well as, in addition, neurologist, surgeon. For the accuracy of the diagnosis, are mapped to the ultrasound .
Normally, the woman starts to sound the alarm, when under the skin of the hips or thighs start with clearly visible fine vessels or "suddenly" occur ugly or red-bluish, a vein or patterns, and not necessarily of its appearance is accompanied by feelings comfortable. In the future vascular figure in the skin increases, the skin changes, it makes them seem unattractive. With the hopes of getting rid of the unpleasant of the defect of women attending a specialist.
Only the appearance of the main symptom of the disease – speakers of varicose veins (or node) on the inner surface of the thighs or the hips, begins to put the wife on the idea that not everything is in order with the veins. But the time has already passed by, the disease develops and progresses. Long stay in the legs during the day or walk a lot, cause the appearance of other symptoms of varicose veins - fatigue, heaviness, feeling of extending the arms, usually in the area of the calves, pain in the area of the dilated veins acute or noah's character. The symptoms of the disease are added swelling (at sunset, to the morning pass) and the night cramps of the calf muscles. At first, this symptom occurs periodically, and passes after a good night's rest. The hope of a recovery is not worth, the disease without treatment, it only progresses. In general, remember that if varicose veins have emerged, curing to always can not, can only be not to develop complications and to delay or avoid surgical intervention, which, by the way, is not the guarantor of the release of the disease forever, but it gives long term effect.
As the development of the disease all the symptoms begin to appear with more frequency and are more acute, and will hereafter be manifest, usual of our eye, in the inside of the skin of vienna's dark blue in color, that protrudes above the skin of the thighs and the feet in the form of bunches of grapes. Feel the fever, the swelling will become a common phenomenon.
Forward to symptoms di i of the disease incorporate changes in the skin, becomes excessively dry, it acquires a dark color and a little later begin to experiment with trophic disorders (a long time do not cure the eczema, ulcers). The pain at this stage turn into something intolerable. The disease is considered to be very put in place, the treatment of the расширениявен in the legs, in this case, is usually of an operational nature. What methodology will be applied, decides the doctor-flebolog and vascular surgeon in each case individually. Without operational methods of treatment are applied to the earliest stages of development of varicose veins, if not a substantial change of the skin.
The causes of the appearance of varicose veins in the legs
- The genetic predisposition.
- The sex of the patient.
- The reception of medications and contraceptives.
- Excessively intense or frequent physical exercise.
- The profession that involves sitting work, or a long period of standing on the feet.
- It is not a healthy food.
- The excess of weight, obesity.
- The use of inconvenience, narrow footwear and clothing.
- The physical inactivity.
- Innate weakness of the vascular wall.
- Immune and the endocrine system.
- The malfunction in the operation of the apparatus of the venous system.
- The violation of the blood stream.
When to consult a doctor immediately?
The appearance of the following symptoms you should consult your doctor:
- If it intensified the pain in the leg, that you can't lift the skin when it is hot to the touch.
- If you suddenly arose from the difficulty to breathe, lack of air, appeared the weakness.
- If affected by the disease of the part of skin that oozes blood.
The consequences of varicose veins in the legs
The dermatitis and eczema.
Inflammatory disease occurs on the background of stagnation of the venous blood in the lower extremities. It is manifested in the skin in the form of foci of redness that has uneven edges, and accompanied by itching, as well as the appearance of small cracks and bubbles.
Food of the pest.
Occurs on the background of eczema and is characterized by the appearance on the leg is painful a lot of time alone wound that will not heal him. Heaviness in the legs intensifies, the patient can not while standing.
It is expressed in the inflammation of the wall of the esophageal varices extension of the vienna, is necessarily accompanied by an education in the light of a blood clot. The disease is characterized by severe pains in any position, redness, increased temperature of the body, the seals of the running of the deposits located in the vessels. Sometimes clots of blood are lost to themselves, but the most common is that the lumen of the vein is completely overlapped, creating the risk of obliterations and sclerosing affected of vienna.
To deepen the progression of the disease creating the premises for the upward development тромбо of phlebitis and lebeau of the thrombosis, the reservation affects the system of the deep veins, causing a thrombus embolism of the pulmonary artery. In the absence of treatment can stop the reflux of the blood, and the development of gangrene.
The rupture of esophageal varices extension of the vienna.
There is a strong bleeding, requires immediate intervention of the doctors.